There are two different routes to check up on the status of your application with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC, formerly CIC). The first option is to use IRCC’s e-Client Application Status online tool at IRCC’s website. The other route is to file a request to see your CAIPS, FOSS, or GCMS notes directly to IRCC. What are the differences between these two alternative routes? And what do CAIPS, FOSS, and GCMS mean?
IRCC e-Client Application Status
This online tool available at IRCC’s website is not, in fact, available to all applicants. Whether or not you can access e-Client Application Status depends on what you applied for with IRCC:
- Applications eligible to use the e-Client Application Status
- Sponsorship: all categories;
- Permanent Residence from within Canada for compassionate and humanitarian cases;
- Permanent Residence from within Canada for all categories;
- Permanent Residence from outside Canada for all categories;
- Permanent Resident Card;
- Refugees: all categories of refugees are eligible;
- Citizenship: all categories of citizenship except Search of Citizenship Records;
- Applications not eligible to use the e-Client Application Status
- Temporary Residence: all categories;
- Immigration Documents: verification of status, replacements, and amendments of documents; as well as: request to amend – record of landing/confirmation of permanent residence
- Citizenship: Search of Citizenship Results category.
For those not eligible to use the e-Client, you must check processing times to see how long in general your application may take. This is not the same as an application status, which is specific to each individual application. There is an exception to checking processing times which we will deal with shortly. For those eligible to use it, the e-Client Application Status online tool will give you your application’s status, but will not give further information on your file. As well, it has recently had some troubles and was temporarily unavailable for some clients, although this is a temporary issue. Let’s see how you can check your status through this standard IRCC route, with or without the e-Client.
As shown above, all temporary residence applications and certain other applications are not eligible to use the IRCC e-Client. Instead, you have 2 ways to check your application’s status:
- If you made an online submission of your application, you can log in to your MyCIC account, and under view my submitted applications click on check status and messages.
- If you submitted a paper application, then as mentioned above, you will have to check processing times at IRCC’s website to get a general idea of how long your application will take. It goes without saying that filing online has the great advantage of allowing you to monitor your individual application’s status.
If you are indeed eligible to use the e-Client Application Status online tool, you must remember to have available the following information in order to use the e-Client:
- The identification number related to your application whose status you are checking;
- Your surname (last name) as it appears on your application or on your identity documents;
- Your date of birth and your place of birth.
CAIPS, FOSS and GCMS
There is another route to checking on your application’s status and that is to file an Access to Information and Personal Information Request to see what is called your CAIPS, FOSS or GCMS notes. Let’s see what each of these terms mean and how you can do this:
- CAIPS or Computer Assisted Immigration Processing System is the electronic data processing system that Canadian immigration offices outside of Canada used to process your visa application. CAIPS is now being replaced by the Global Case Management System (GCMS) electronic data processing system which CIC (now IRCC) introduced in 2010. Files that were started on CAIPS remain on CAIPS, however. Your CAIPS Notes is an in-depth look at the notes visa officers or other immigration officials have made on your file. While some information is not available to you, it offers far more detail than IRCC’s e-Client system.
- FOSS or Field Operations Support System is the electronic data system that has been used by Canadian immigration officials as well as customs officials within Canada to process applications, as well as having a data base that contains information on areas like medical information, personal data, lost and stolen documents and security-sensitive information. It too is being replaced by GCMS.
- GCMS or Global Case Management System is the new integrated, worldwide electronic data processing system for IRCC that is replacing CAIPS and FOSS. For all visa and citizenship applications from June 2010, CIC (now IRCC) has been processing them on GCMS rather than CAIPS or FOSS. GCMS is designed to process applications both inside Canada and abroad so it is a single integrated system.
This means that to obtain your file at IRCC under the Access to Information Act, you must request both your CAIPS & GCMS records, or both your FOSS & GCMS records. This ensures you get at the information that is available, as your file may be on either GCMS or CAIPS or FOSS. If your application is relatively new than it is likely to be on GCMS. If it was initiated before 2010, then it is likely to be on CAIPS or FOSS.
How to Apply
- You can apply for your CAIPS, FOSS or GCMS files through an Access to Information and Personal Information Request. You can download the form here. To send in this form, you must be a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident. If you are not a Canadian or a Permanent Resident of Canada, you can find someone you know who is either, and is living in Canada. A Canadian living abroad can also file the Access to Information and Personal Information Request form from outside Canada, but a small fee applies in that case.
- If you are using someone else to file the request, they must fill out the Request form and also get you to fill out and sign a Consent for an Access to Information and Personal Information Request form that you can download from here. Remember that if someone files more than one request on behalf of you, you must sign a separate consent form for each individual request.
- Next, you will need to write a Formal Request letter addressed to IRCC where you actually request the CAIPS, FOSS, or GCMS notes. The Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident will have to provide a copy of their passport or Permanent Resident Card or other documentation as proof as well. The whole package including:
- The Access to Information and Personal Information Request form: filled out and signed by a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident, whether yourself or someone else. It must include proof of Canadian citizenship or permanent residence status.
- The Consent for an Access to Information and Personal Information Request form: filled out and signed by you if you are not a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident.
- A Formal Request letter where you request your CAIPS, FOSS, or GCMS notes from IRCC.
- This should be sent to the following address:
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
Access to Information and Privacy Coordinator
360 Laurier Avenue West, 10th floor
The average processing time to receive your CAIPS, FOSS, or GCMS notes is about 4 to 6 weeks. What you will receive back is a screenshot of your files. In the case of CAIPS notes the copy you receive is normally around 4 to 6 pages long. GCMS notes are much longer, sometimes up to 30 pages. In both cases they contain some very simple to understand and useful information on the status of your application. But they also contain abbreviations or numbered codes used by Immigration officials and these may need interpreting to help you get the most out of your file. IMMIgroup does requests on CAIPS, FOSS, and GCMS notes, and you can find out more about our services here.
Finally, one of the most useful aspects of an Access to Information and Personal Information Request on your immigration file is it can help you anticipate problems before they happen. For example, once you receive an Acknowledgement of Receipt, AOR, then your file is updated with a preliminary points assessment. A request to see your file can help you see if IRCC has done an accurate assessment of your application, before the formal assessment. That means you can then send in additional documentation, for example, to strengthen your application and ensure that your formal assessment is more positive. This will help your application’s prospects.
Another reason for doing a request is to see why your application has been selected for an interview and this may help you prepare for the upcoming interview. So filing an Access to Information and Personal Information Request is not just a right, but a useful tool to give your application the best possible chance to succeed.