A Ghana visa is necessary for Canadian citizens and permanent residents wishing to visit the country. There are two kinds available; a business visa and a tourist visa. The Ghana tourist visa covers leisure visits to the country for people visiting friends and relations or those who wish to holiday there. Tourist visas are limited to a fixed period of time and no business activity is allowed. The business visa covers both business and leisure visits enabling business people to participate in trade, business meetings and exhibitions in the country as well as taking a vacation. Business visas do not cover permanent employment. Your Ghana visa must be obtained prior to leaving Canada; you will not be able to board the plane without it.
- Ghanaian Climate
- Ghanaian Culture
- Ghanaian Visa
- Ghanaian Embassy
- Vaccines for Ghana
- Travel Alerts from the Government of Canada for Ghana
- Call Ghana
- Ghanaian Money
- Electrical Information for Ghana
- Emergency Contact Information for Canadians in Ghana
- Calling Canada from Ghana
- Maps of Ghana
- Driving in Ghana
- Transportation in Ghana
- Ghana's internet
- Shopping in Ghana
- Ghanaian Food
Ghana is a tropical country with two seasons: wet and dry. The wet season runs from April to November, but runs a little longer - from March to November - in the north of the country.
|Average Rainfall (MM)||16||37||73||82||145||193||49||16||40||80||38||18||787|
|Average rainy days||2||2||5||7||11||14||7||6||8||9||4||2||77|
Here are some things you should know about Ghana:
- Ghana was the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve independence from colonial powers.
- There are 27 million people in Ghana, putting it in the middle of countries by population density (it's a little more populated than Cuba and a little less than Hungary).
- Ghana has one of the Top 10 economies in Africa by many measures.
Languages of Ghana
Over 80 languages are spoken in Ghana, including both indigenous languages and the languages of many immigrant groups. English is the official language of the country, and you should be able to get by with only speaking English. The government of Ghana has taken it upon themselves to preserve 9 of the indigenous languages. They are:
|Akan||3 official dialects and numerous others:
About 15 million speak Akan including 9 million Asante speakers
|Ewe||At least 16 dialects||3.6 million speakers between Ghana and Togo|
|Dagbani||2 major dialects (East and West)||830,000|
|Dagaare||At least 3 major dialects||1.1 million speakers between Ghana and Burkina Faso|
|Nzema||None||330,000 between Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire|
|Kasem||None||250,000 between Ghana and Burkina Faso|
Religion in Ghana
Ghana is primarily a Christian country but has some major religious minorities.
|Pentecostal or Charismatic Christianity||7,641,000|
|Traditional Ghanaian Beliefs||1,404,000|
Like most people, Canadian citizens (and most permanent residents) need a visa to visit or do business in Ghana. Only 23 countries are exempt from this requirement.
Ghana has "entry" visas that are available for tourists or business travelers. Anyone seeking to invest in Ghana must register with the Ghanaian authorities. Like all countries, Ghana reserves the right to deny entry to anyone they think will be unlawfully immigrating.
To be eligible for a visa to Ghana, you need the following:
- a travel document with at least six months validity
- a certificate of vaccination for yellow fever
- a return ticket out of Ghana
- an invitation letter from an invitee with a copy of the invitee's photo ID
- two "references," one of which can be a staff member at your hotel
- hotel booking confirmation
Additional requirements for business travellers
Business travellers need a letter from the company they are visiting or doing business with as well as two references from businesses in Ghana.
- Single entry visas currently cost CAD$95.00
- Multiple entry visas currently cost CAD$200.00
Single entry visas must be used within 90 days of issuance and are valid for the length of time stamped in your passport upon entry, usually 60 days.
Multiple entry visas are valid, once used, for six months, but entries are usually limited to 60 days at a time.
Fees must be paid by money order or bank draft only.
Appliacations can be made at the Ghanaian High Commision or one of the Ghanaian consulates, in person or by mail.
In person applications must be made between the hours of 9AM and 3PM, Monday to Friday. Ghanaian diplomatic missions are closed on all Canadian and Ghanaian holidays.
Mail applications must be sent by registered mail and must include a pre-paid, self-addressed envelope to return the passport.
Processing time is 3 business days.
|Ghana High Commission in Canada
Tel: (613) 236-0871
|Ghana Consulate Edmonton, Alberta
Tel: (780) 492-2397
|Ghana Consulate Toronto, Ontario
4665 Yonge Street
Suite 205/206 North York,
Ontario, M2N 0B4
Tel: (416) 848-1015
|Toronto Ghana Consulate Vancouver, BC
6741 Cariboo Road
Suite 108 Burnaby,
British Columbia V3N 4A3
Tel: (604) 715-6624
Vaccination or Disease
Recommendations or Requirements for Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
|Routine||Required if you are not up-to-date with routine shots, such as measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT) vaccine, poliovirus vaccine, etc.|
|Hepatitis A||Recommended for all unvaccinated travellers|
|Hepatitis B||Recommended for all unvaccinated travellers who will have sex, get a tattoo or receive medical care while in Ghana|
|Malaria||Highly recommended to take presccription anti-Malaria medicine, prior to arriving in Ghana, while you are there, and after you leave.|
|Meningitis||Highly recommended if you are visiting Ghana between December and June|
|Typhoid||Highly recommended for all unvaccinated travellers|
|Yellow Fever||Required by Ghana for all travellers. You must submit proof of vaccination with your visa application. There is a substantial risk of Yellow Fever in Ghana. You will not be allowed to enter without valid proof of your vaccine.|
Like many countries, Ghana has area codes specific for cell phones. To call Ghana from Canada, dial:
- 011-233-area code-[seven digits]
Area codes in Ghana are two digits. Landlines usually have the area code 3x. Cells have 2x or 5x.
Ghana uses the cedi.
Angolan outlets provide electricity in the range between 220 and 240 volts. Many North American appliances are built for only 110-120 volts, so make sure to check before using a socket. (Some appliances may be able to handle 240 volts.)
If your appliance cannot handle over 200 volts you will need both a voltage converter and an adapter.
Ghana uses two types of plugs, a British stye and an India style:
- Type G British BS-1363
- Type D" Indian BS-546 5
High Commission of Canada in Accra
42 Independence Avenue
Telephone: 233 (302) 21 15 21 or 22 85 55
To call Canada from Ghana you need to dial 00+1+area code+local number
403 / 587 (southern Alberta)
587 / 780 (central and northern Alberta)
236 / 250 / 778 (majority of BC)
236 / 604 / 778 (Metro Vancouver)
226 / 519 (southwestern Ontario)
249 / 705 (northeastern Ontario)
289 / 365 / 905 (Greater Toronto Area)
343 / 613 (eastern Ontario)
416 / 647 (Toronto)
807 (northwestern Ontario)
|Manitoba||204 / 431||PEI||782 / 902|
418 / 581 (eastern Quebec)
438 / 514 (Montreal)
450 / 579 (Greater Montreal)
819 / 873 (remainder of Quebec)
|Newfoundland and Labrador||709||Saskatchewan||306 / 639|
|Nova Scotia||782 / 902|
Ghana is a relatively dangerous place to drive, with seven accidents per day. Lots of people speed and there is lots of congestion (especially in Accra, where driving times can be quadrupled by traffic). The roads outside of the major cities are usually in bad shape, if they are even paved. There is a lack of sidewalks in many places. Also, outside of the cities, there is no street lighting.
International driver's licenses are valid in Ghana for one year after your arrival date.
Most people who rent, rent both a car and driver, as it costs about US$100 per day.
Taxis are easy to find, particularly in the capital, Accra. They are affordable and many drivers will offer tourists the opportunity to hire them by the hour or day. If you find a driver you feel you can trust, you should really do this, as it saves renting a car or using other forms of transit. Be careful about hiring them though. This page has some good tips.
Most people use the "TroTro," or minibus for travel within Accra. There are numerous ones and they are cheap. But they are not recommened for travel outside a city.
The train system is currently undergoing a major upgrade and should be a good option for travel i the country.
Ghana has some of the best wired connections in Africa, ranked third fastest (in Africa) in 2014. However, most homes still do not have a wired connection; wi-fi is much more common and you should have no problem getting a connection at a major hotel. Note that if you are staing in Ghana for a while, internet connections can be extremely expensive. Internet cafes remain a good option as they often have the best connections.
There are good shopping options in Accra, including the nicest shops in Ghana. There are fewer options outside the capital.
If you would like to know more about shopping in Ghana, let us know by submitting a inquiry below.
If you would like to know about cuisine in Ghana, let us know below.