The Best Province to Settle in When Moving to Canada
When immigrating to Canada, one of the biggest decisions you will make is which province to move to. There are a number of factors that go into choosing the ideal province for you, educational needs, medical needs, family and friends location, employment opportunity, and perhaps most importantly, cost of living.
Of course, if you have been accepted to one of Canada’s many educational universities and colleges, then your province of choice has already been decided! If, however, you are thinking about where your children will go to stchool, you may not have made up your mind yet.
Canada has many universities, colleges, private career institutions, and vocational schools to offer. Each of these schools has programs unique to them and specific requirements that must be met in order to gain acceptance. If you are considering applying to and attending any of these institutions, you need to apply prior to coming to Canada. Not only will student status grant a study permit for temporary residence, but acceptance ensures that you will have an educational opportunity in a province before moving there.
If you are still uncertain of which educational institution you would like to apply to, below is a list of the ten most popular universities in Canada for your perusal.
|University of Toronto||Toronto, Ontario||Arts and Sciences, Medicine, and Engineering|
|University of British Columbia||Vancouver, British Columbia||Anthropology, and Arts and Sciences|
|Simon Fraser University||Burnaby, British Columbia||Science and Engineering|
|McGill University||Montreal, Quebec||Law, Medicine, and Engineering|
|University of Alberta||Edmonton, Alberta||Humanities, Sciences, Creative Arts, Engineering, Business, and Health Services|
|University of Waterloo||Waterloo, Ontario||Math, Engineering, Science, and Psychology|
|University of Calgary||Calgary, Alberta||Business, Medicine, and Engineering|
|McMaster University||Hamilton, Ontario||Science and Engineering|
|Universite de Montreal||Montreal, Quebec||Science and Medicine|
|York University||Toronto, Ontario||Humanities, Arts, and Business|
Only citizens and permanent residents of Canada may access health care under the Canadian public healthcare system. Whether you plan on becoming a citizen or not, however, you may still need access to medical care after immigrating.
If you have special medical needs or if a member of your family has a special medical need, it is important to consider the availability of medical care before settling in Canada. Canada has many excellent hospitals and doctors, but if you need a specific type of medical care, it is crucial to make sure that you have access to this in any province you are considering relocating to.
Below is a summary of some of the best specialty medical institutions in the Canadian provinces.
|Hospital for Sick Children||Toronto, Ontario||Pediatrics|
|Centre for Addiction and Mental Health||Toronto, Ontario||Addiction and Mental Health|
|Women's College Hospital||Toronto, Ontario||Women’s Health|
|Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital||Toronto, Ontario||Pediatric Rehabilitation|
|University Health Network||Toronto, Ontario||Research Hospital|
|Institut de Cardiologie de l'Universite d'Ottawa||Ottawa, Ontario||Cardiology|
|Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital||Montrea, Quebec||Neurology|
|Kidney Foundation of Canada Northern Alberta||Montreal, Quebec||Nephrology|
|Clinique de Fertilite Ovo||Montreal, Quebec||Human Fertility|
|Cancer Care Manitoba||Winnipeg, Manitoba||Oncology|
|British Columbia Lung Centre||Vancouver, British Columbia||Pulmonology|
If you are planning to move to Canada to be closer to friends and family, then you likely already know which province you want to move to. It is important to keep in mind, however, that being close to family and friends does not necessarily mean that you have to live in the same province. For example, if your family lives in Cleardale, Alberta, it is feasible for you to live in any city within driving distance, such as Dawson Creek, British Colombia.
Assuming that you are willing and able to travel a reasonable distance to visit with family or friends, this opens up the possibility to consider other criteria when choosing your destination province.
If you are moving to Canada in search of employment, it is highly advisable to secure a position prior to moving. Even though a job offer doesn’t get you as many points in Express Entry as it used to, Securing employment will still give you a leg up in your Comprehensive Rating System (CRS) score, and it will prevent you from having to look for a job once you have landed. It is possible to immigrate to Canada without an offer of employment if you qualify.
If you are currently researching Canadian provinces for employment opportunities, planning on moving before obtaining employment or planning on setting up your own business after moving, it’s important to know which provinces are best matched to your industry of choice.
Below is a list of the Canadian provinces and the industrial sectors with the strongest economic presence in those provinces.
|Ontario||Automobile industry, Agriculture, Manufacturing, Journalism, and Health Care|
|Quebec||Technology, Manufacturing, Mining, Electric Power, and Paper and Pump|
|British Columbia||Construction, Manufacturing, Professional Services, Technology, Mining, Lumber, Health Care, and Social Assistance|
|Alberta||Oil and Gas Production, Agriculture, Mining, Forestry, Government|
|Manitoba||Agriculture, Mining, Energy, Manufacturing, Education, Healthcare, Retail, and Social Assistance|
|Saskatchewan||Professional Services, Health Care, Dairy Farming, Oil and Gas, and Social Assistance|
|Nova Scotia||Natural Resources, Health Care, Education, and Social Assistance|
|New Brunswick||Construction, Manufacturing, Healthcare, Technology, Lumber, and Social Assistance|
|Newfoundland and LAbrador||Public Administration, Health Care, Social Assistance, Mining, Natural Resources, Fishing, and Forestry|
|Prince edward Island||Public Administration, Health Care, and Social Assistance|
|Northest Territories||Mining, Construction, Health Services, Public Administration, Fishing, Arts and Crafts, and Tourism|
|Yukon||Retail, Construction, Public Administration, Food Services, Accommodations, Mining, Fishing, Forestry, Trapping, and Agriculture|
|Nunavut||Mining, Fishing, Hunting, and Arts and Crafts|
Cost of Living
Cost of living should also play into your decision to relocate to a specific Canadian province. Cost of living translates to your ability to sustain your lifestyle, to pay for food, housing, health care needs, and taxes, etc. Based on your savings, offered employment, and future employment plans, you need to be able to cover these expenses comfortably in order to live happily in your new home.
Based on the goods and services that could be purchased with $100 2002 Canadian dollars in 2016, Alberta is the most advantageous province for relocation when it comes to the cost of living. In 2016, $100 Canadian dollars could purchase $131.54 2002 Canadian dollars’ worth of goods and services.
Alberta isn’t the only province to consider relocating to, however. The table below shows each of the Canadian provinces ranked in order of the most to the least cost-effective.
|Province||The Value of Goods and Services that can Be Purchased
(in Canadian 2002 Dollars)
|Newfoundland and labrador||$128.54|
|Prince Edward Island||$124.44|
Which Province is the Best Choice for You to Settle in?
Choosing which province is best for you to immigrate to should depend on a combination of educational needs, medical needs, family and friends’ location, employment opportunity, and cost of living that works for you. Prioritize which of these factors is most important to you and build your future in Canada from there!