CRS Changes for Express Entry as of November 2016
Canada’s immigration authorities have changed the CRS points awarded for having a qualified job offer in Canada. How does this affect your Express Entry profile? How does this impact your ranking in your Express Entry Pool? Read on!
As we have explained, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is the points system used in Express Entry to determine how your application ranks against other applications in your Express Entry pool. To understand the importance of the New Changes to the CRS ranking system, we need to look at how points awarded under CRS are broken down according to the following categories:
Core/Human Capital Factors - 500 Points
|Factor||Points Per Factor
(with Spouse or Common Law Partner)
|Points Per Factor
(without Spouse or Common Law Partner)
|Level of Education||140||150|
|Canadian Work Experience||70||80|
These are the maximum allowable points. Most applicants will receive somewhat less than the maximum total. Your goal, as always, is to upgrade your language skills, work experience, education, and other training/skills to enable you to score as a high as possible on your CRS ranking.
Spouse or Common-Law partner factors - 40 points (if applicable)
|Factor||Points Per Factor|
|Level of Education||10|
|Canadian Work Experience||10|
Again, these are the maximum allowable points. The total allowable points for Core factors plus Spouse/Common-Law factors = 500 points, regardless if you have a spouse/partner or not.
Skill Transferability factors - maximum 100 points
|Education||Points Per Factor|
|Strong language proficiency plus post-secondary degree||50|
|Canadian Work Experience plus post-secondary degree||50|
The maximum allowable points for education is 50.
|Non-Canadian Work Experience||Points Per Factor|
|Strong language proficiency (CLB of 7 or more) plus Foreign work experience||50|
|Canadian work experience plus Foreign work experience||50|
The maximum allowable points for foreign work experience is 50.
Additional Points - maximum 600 points
Here is where the main changes to the CRS ranking system for November 2016 are:
|Factor||Points Per Factor|
|Post-secondary education in Canada||30|
|Arranged employment (job offer from a Canadian Employer)||200|
|Provincial Nominee (from PNP or PINP)||600|
Previously, before these changes that became effective on November 19, 2016, points were not awarded for post-secondary studies in Canada. Clearly the immigration authorities are encouraging and facilitating the international student’s path to permanent residence, and eventually citizenship in Canada.
Post-Secondary Education - maximum 30 points
|Education Level||Points Per Factor|
|Foreign national with Canadian secondary school credentials||0|
|Foreign national with Canadian 1-year or 2-year post-secondary credential||15|
|Foreign national with Canadian 3-or-more-year, or Master’s, or Doctoral, post-secondary credential||30|
While the points are not nearly as much as those awarded for job offers or provincial nominee programs, every point counts in CRS rankings, and Canadian post-secondary educational credentials are always helpful in the Canadian job market.
Arranged Employment (Job Offer) - maximum 200 points
|Qualifying Job Offer||Points Per Factor|
|NOC Group 00 (senior managerial level)||200|
|All other NOC groups and codes|
Previously, 600 points were given for any arranged employment. The new CRS ranking system now awards far less for job offers. Either 400 points less (600 – 200), or 550 points less (600 – 50): depending on the NOC class your arranged employment falls under. Please see below.
Please note that NOC (National Occupational Classification) Group 00 only involves the most senior managerial positions in government and the following industries:
- Other Business Services
- Social & Community Services
- Other Services
Any arranged employment that falls under ANY OTHER NOC category is only awarded 50 points. Most job offers will NOT be for jobs in the NOC Group 00.
The good news is, for all applicants who do NOT have a job offer on hand in Canada, your Express Entry profile has now become far more competitive, and you will have a greater chance of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from IRCC.
And finally, the best ticket to an Invitation to Apply is being nominated by a Provincial Nominee Program, which is still worth 600 points.
What Does it All Mean?
The importance of a Provincial Nomination is illustrated in the following table:
|Type of Factors||Maximum Total Points for CRS||Percent of the Total Maximum|
|Core and Spouse/Partner Factors||500 points||42%|
|Skill Transferability Factors||100 points||8%|
|Additional Points (Canadian education, job offer, PNP nomination)||600 points||50%|
|Maximum Total Points||1200||100%|
Obtaining a PNP nomination at 600 points is worth half of your Total Maximum Available CRS points. Additionally, job offers and Canadian post-secondary education under the new CRS ranking system are worth as follows:
|Type of Factor (from additional Factors)||Maximum Total Points for CRS||Percent of the Total Maximum|
|Post-secondary education in Canada||30 points||2.5%|
|Arranged Employment – NOC Group 00 (Senior Managerial)||200 points||17%|
|Arranged Employment – all other NOC categories||50 points||4%|
Getting a job is always an important part of settling into a new life in Canada, and if you can obtain qualifying employment in Canada, you should take advantage of it. Your CRS points, however, will no longer value arranged employment (especially non-managerial jobs) the way the previous system did. But a PNP nomination is still the most valuable single component of the CRS points system.