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Are you looking to immigrate to Canada based on your work and education credentials?

Do you need someone to help you through the process?



Get the Process Started

Federal Skilled Worker

Work in Canada

Please note that on January 1, 2015 the way that Canada accepts permanent residents has changed. The new system, called Express Entry, represents a change in method rather than in requirements. This page will be updated shortly. In the meantime, if you have any questions, please contact us at 416-962-2623.

Express Entry

A federal skilled worker is a person who has a certain degree of education, work experience, and knowledge of at least one of Canada’s official languages (English or French). A skilled worker is assessed against a points system. Points are awarded for the above factors, as well as for age, authorized employment experience in Canada, authorized post-secondary studies in Canada, spouse or common-law partner’s education, having a spouse or common-law partner or blood relative (not a cousin) who is a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada. Applicants for this visa category must have sufficient funds to support themselves and their family members for at least six months after arriving in Canada.

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Index

Becoming a Canadian Permanent Resident under the Federal Skilled Worker Class

Canada encourages immigration by people with education and work experience that will both benefit the Canadian economy and allow you to succeed in their new home. Applicants are chosen based on a scale of 100 points that determines the likelihood that you will be able to adapt to Canadian life. The scale takes into account factors including your work experience, knowledge of the English or French languages, your education, as well as other criteria. The minimum requirement to apply is 67 points out of 100. 

Entering Canada as a Skilled Worker is different than getting a Canadian work permit. When you successfully apply for the Federal Skilled Worker program you are granted permanent residence, meaning that you can live in Canada indefinitely and eventually apply for Canadian citizenship, if you choose to do so. A work permit is only valid for a limited period of time, after which you must apply to stay in Canada under a different program or leave the country.

 

How we can help you immigrate to Canada

To discuss your options for Canadian permanent residence under the Federal Skilled Worker program, contact us for a consultation. We can determine your eligibility to apply for the visa as well as advise you how you can prove you meet the requirements. There are several categories you may be eligible to apply under.

Immigroup will assist you throughout the entire application process from start to finish, including:

  • Determining your eligibility to apply;
  • Determining the likelihood of success for your particular case;
  • Ensuring your forms are complete and accurately reflect the details of your case for maximum chance of success;
  • Ensuring you have the necessary and appropriate documents to support your application;
  • Providing guidance on the best method to submit your application to the government for your circumstances;
  • Advising the privileges a permanent residence affords you;
  • Offering Top Priority service for extremely urgent cases;
  • Determining the best way to proceed once the outcome of your case is reached (bringing family members to Canada, re-application if necessary, etc.)

Contact us for a consultation to assist you with a Federal Skilled Worker application.

Processing Time

The processing time for your Federal Skilled Worker application depends on the location of the visa office where you submit the application.

For applications received after June 26, 2010, processing times can range between 6 – 28 months, 15 months on average. For a complete list of visa offices and processing times, please refer to the following table.

Application times below are based on processing time for complete application, are averages, are subject to change without notice, and are not guaranteed. Applications may take longer than the timeframes stated by IRCC at the officer’s discretion. Statistics are updated on our website every 30 days.

 

Costs of this Process

 

Legal Fees

Our fees are on a case-by-case basis, but Immigroup service fees usually range from around $1500 for the most basic application to around $3000 for more complicated matters. Top Priority service for clients who need to submit their application urgently carries additional costs.

If you do not know where you stand, whether you are eligible to apply for permanent residence in Canada, or how to proceed contact us for assistance.

 

Government Fees

In addition to the legal fees paid to a consultant or lawyer to assist you with this process, the applicant must also pay a fee to the Canadian government for filing their application. Please refer to the fee schedule below.

Processing Fee Number of Persons Amount Per Person Amount Due
Principal Applicant 1 x $550 $550
Each family member age 22 or older   x $550 $
Each family member under age 22 who is married or in a common-law relationship   x $550 $
Each family member under age 22 who is unmarried and not in a common-law relationship      
Total = $

and

The Right of Permanent Residence Fee, which will be requested by the Visa Office at a later stage if your application is approved.

 

Right of Permanent Residence Fee Number of Persons Amount Per Person Amount Due
Principal Applicant 1 x $490 $490
Spouse or common-law partner   x $490  
Total= $

Please note you do not have to pay the Right of Permanent Residence Fee for your dependent children. Government application fees are subject to change at any time without notice and are not refundable from IRCC regardless of whether the application is approved.

 

Federal Skilled Worker Basic Requirements

To apply for the Federal Skilled Worker program, there are minimum requirements for work experience, education, financial ability, and language. You must

  • Have at least 1 year of continuous work experience in your field which you are using to apply for permanent residence and this work experience must have been within the last 10 years.
  • Have work experience in a managerial, professional, or technical occupation. (If you are not sure if your work experience meets the requirement, contact us or try out this free tool.)
  • Meet the minimum language requirement in either French or English.
  • Have completed secondary (high school) or post-secondary (college or university) in Canada, OR
  • Have completed a comparable degree program outside Canada with a valid Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).
  • Be able to show that you have enough money to support yourself and your family once you get to Canada.

If you aren’t sure whether you meet the requirements, or if you would like more information on the requirements themselves, check out this free tool or contact us.

The Provinces and Territories of Canada offer Skilled Worker programs as well. Learn about those programs here.

 

IRCC Selection Process for Federal Skilled Worker Program

If you meet all of the minimum requirements, your application will be judged using a point system with six factors. You must have a minimum of 67 out of 100 points for your application to be approved. If you meet the pass mark of 67 points, you may qualify to come to Canada as a Skilled worker.  The selection factors are:

Selection factors Points
Factor 1: Education Maximum 25 points
Factor 2: Ability in English and/or French Maximum 28 points
Factor 3: Work experience Maximum 15 points
Factor 4: Age Maximum 12 points
Factor 5: Arranged employment in Canada Maximum 10 points
Factor 6: Adaptability Maximum 10 points
Total Maximum 100 points
Pass Mark 67 points

 

Factor 1: Education

Up to 25 points are given for the highest Canadian educational degree you have achieved, such as high school, college / university undergraduate study, or university graduate study (Master’s degree or Ph. D.)

If you have received a degree from a school outside Canada, you may still be able to receive points. You may also be able to combine items in your education for more points.

To receive credit for your education on the Federal Skilled Worker application, you must include proof such as a copy of your degree or an Educational Credential Assessment.

Education Points
Doctoral (PhD) level 25
University-level credential at the Master’s level OR an entry-to-practice professional degree. IRCC only accepts as an entry-to-practice professional degree, those degrees issued in relation to an occupation listed at NOC Skill level A and for which licensing by a provincial regulatory body is required, in one of the following fields of study:  Medicine, Veterinary Medicine; Dentistry; Podiatry; Optometry; Law; Chiropractic Medicine and Pharmacy. 23
Two or more post-secondary program credentials AND at least one of these credentials is for the completion of a post-secondary program of three years or longer 22
Post-secondary program credential of three years or longer 21
Two-year post-secondary program credential 19
One-year post-secondary program credential 15
Secondary school (also called high school) 5

To test whether you qualify, click here.

 

Factor 2: English or French Language Ability

You can be given up to 28 points for your ability to speak, read, write, and listen in English or French as a first or second language.

Only original results from a IRCC-approved test can be used as proof of language. These results come from the testing facility in a sealed envelope and must be submitted to IRCC with the envelope still sealed. If the envelope is opened, the results are void.

You can be given points for your ability in both English and French. To do this, you must submit test results for both languages.

There are 3 language tests you can take to submit to IRCC:

Use the following table to estimate how many points you will receive for your test scores with the CELPIP – Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program.

FIRST OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (Maximum of 24 points)

CLB Level CELPIP test results for each ability Points
Speaking Listening Reading Writing
6 and below
  • 0 - 2H
  • 3L
  • 3H
  • 0 - 2H
  • 3L
  • 3H
  • 0 - 2H
  • 3L
  • 3H
  • 0 - 2H
  • 3L
  • 3H
0
7 4L 4L 4L 4L 4
8 4H 4H 4H 4H 5
9 5L 5L 5L 5L 6
10 and above 5H 5H 5H 5H 6

Note: If you wrote the CELPIP test before May 3, 2013, a score of 5 would equate to CLB levels 9 and 10.

 

SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (Maximum of 4 points if you meet CLB 5 or higher in ALL FOUR language abilities)

CLB Level CELPIP test results for each ability
Speaking Listening Reading Writing
4 and below 2H or less 2H or less 2H or less 2H or less
5        
6 and above
  • 3H
  • 4L
  • 4H
  • 5L
  • 5H
  • 3H
  • 4L
  • 4H
  • 5L
  • 5H
  • 3H
  • 4L
  • 4H
  • 5L
  • 5H
  • 3H
  • 4L
  • 4H
  • 5L
  • 5H

 

Use the following table to estimate how many points you will receive for your test scores with the International English Language Testing System (IELTS):

 

FIRST OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (Maximum of 24 points)

CLB Level IELTS test results for each ability Points
Speaking Listening Reading (General Training) Writing (General Training)
6 and below 5.5 or less 5.5 or less 5.5 or less 5.5 or less 0
7 6 6 6 6 4
8 6.5 7.5 6.5 6.5 5
9 and above 7.0 - 9.0 8.0 - 9.0 7.0 - 9.0 7.0 - 9.0  

 

SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (Maximum of 4 points if you meet CLB 5 or higher in ALL FOUR language abilities)

CLB Level IELTS test results for each ability
Speaking Listening Reading (General Training) Writing (General Training)
4 or below 4.0 or less 4.5 or less 3.5 or less 4.0 or less
5 5 5 4 5
6 and above 5.5 - 9.0 5.5 - 9.0 5.0 - 9.0 5.5 - 9.0

 

Use the following table to estimate how many points you will receive for your test scores with the Test d’évaluation de français (TEF):

FIRST OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (Maximum of 24 points)

CLB Level TEF test results for each ability Points
Speaking (expression orale) Listening (compréhension orale) Reading (compréhension écrite) Writing (expression écrite)
6 or below 0 – 308 0 - 247 0 - 205 0 – 308 0
7 309 – 348 248 – 279 206 – 232 309 – 348 4
8 349 – 371 280 – 297 233 – 247 349 – 371 5
9 and above 372+ 298+ 248+ 372+ 6

 

SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (Maximum of 4 points if you meet CLB 5 or higher in ALL FOUR language abilities)

CLB Level TEF test results for each ability
Speaking (expression orale) Listening (compréhension orale) Reading (compréhension écrite) Writing (expression écrite)
4 or below 0 – 224 0 – 179 0 – 149 0 – 224
5 225 – 270 180 – 216 150 – 180 225 – 270
6 and above 271 – 372+ 217 – 298+ 181 – 248+ 271 – 372+

 

For any of the three tests add your estimated points: Total points for speaking + listening + reading + writing (both official languages). This is your total estimated points out of 28.

To test whether you qualify, click here.

 

Factor 3: Work Experience

You will receive points for your paid work experience in the last 10 years. Volunteer work, unpaid internships, and other unpaid work does not count. To use your work experience for your application, you will have to include proof.

You must have at least 1 year of full-time (30 hours per week) or equivalent part-time employment (2 jobs of 15 hours per week) in the field you will use to apply as a Federal Skilled Worker. Your work experience must be in one of the approved NOC (National Occupation Classification) fields.

Work Experience Points
1 year 9
2 – 3 years 11
4 – 5 years 13
6 or more years 15

To test whether you qualify, click here.

 

Factor 4: Age

You will receive up to a maximum of 12 points for your age at the time your application is submitted. Canada favors younger workers who will contribute to the workforce for a longer period before retirement

 

Age Points
18 to 35 years of age 12
36 years of age 11
37 years of age 10
38 years of age 9
39 years of age 8
40 years of age 7
41 years of age 6
42 years of age 5
43 years of age 4
44 years of age 3
45 years of age 2
46 years of age 1
Under 18 years of age or 47 years of age or older 0

To test whether you qualify, click here.

 

Factor 5: Arranged Employment

If you have a valid offer of employment for a Canadian business, you can receive up to a maximum of 10 points. IRCC must believe that you are capable of performing the job you have been offered, and if your employment is in a regulated field such as law, engineering, medicine, etc. you are capable of passing licensing and certification exams.

Arranged employment Points

If you are currently working in Canada on a work permit and

  • Your work permit was issued by IRCC based on a positive labour market opinion from Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC),
  • Your work permit is valid when you apply for a permanent resident visa, and
  • Your current employer has made an offer to give you a permanent full-time job if your application is successful.

 

10
Note: You must also have a valid work permit, or you must be authorized to work in Canada without a work permit, at the time your permanent resident visa is issued.

If you are currently working in Canada in a job that is exempt from the labour market opinion requirement under an international agreement (e.g. North America Free Trade Agreement) or a federal-provincial agreement and

  • Your work permit is valid when you apply for a permanent resident visa, and
  • Your current employer has made an offer to give you a permanent full-time job if your application is successful.
10
Note: You must also have a valid work permit, or you must be authorized to work in Canada without a work permit, at the time your permanent resident visa is issued.

If you do not currently have a work permit and you are not otherwise authorized to work in Canada before you have been issued a permanent resident visa OR you are currently working in Canada and a different employer has offered to give you a permanent full-time job OR you are currently working in Canada in a job that exempt from the requirement for a labour market opinion, but not under an international or federal-provincial agreement and

  • Your prospective employer has made an offer to give you a permanent full-time job if your application is successful,and
  • Your prospective employer has obtained a positive labour market opinion from HRSDC.
10

To test whether you qualify, click here.

 

Factor 6: Adaptability

You will receive points for showing that your spouse or partner has skills and experience that will help your family adapt to life in Canada. However, you cannot receive points from a spouse who is already a permanent resident or citizen of Canada.

Adaptability criteria Points

A. Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s level of language proficiency

Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s level of language proficiency in either English or French is at the CLB 4 level or higher in all four language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing).

Note: To receive points for your spouse or common-law partner’s language proficiency, you must submit original language test results from a designated testing agency with your application to the CIO. Your spouse or common-law partner’s language test results must not be more than two years old on the date that we receive your application. Refer to the language testing section above.

5

B. Your previous study in Canada

You completed at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program of at least two years in duration) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of instruction per week, and you must have remained in good academic standing (as defined by the school) during the period of full-time study in Canada.

5

C. Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s previous study in Canada

Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner completed at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program of at least two years in duration) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada. Full-time study means at least 15 hours of instruction per week, and your accompanying spouse or common-law partner must have remained in good academic standing (as defined by the school) during the period of full-time study in Canada.

5

D. Your previous work in Canada

You completed a minimum of one year of authorized, full-time work in Canada in an occupation that is listed in Skill Type 0, Skill Level A or B of NOC 2011.

10

E. Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner’s previous work in Canada

Your accompanying spouse or common-law partner completed a minimum of one year of authorized, full-time work in Canada.

5

F. Arranged employment (Principal applicant only)

You earned points under Factor 5: Arranged Employment.

5

G. Relatives in Canada

You or, if applicable, your accompanying spouse or common-law partner has a relative, i.e. parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother/sister, aunt/uncle or niece/nephew, who is 18 years of age or older as of the date we receive your application, and who is a Canadian citizen of permanent resident residing in Canada.

5

To test whether you qualify, click here.

 

Do you have sufficient funds to apply for permanent residence in Canada under the Federal Skilled Worker Program?

You have to show that you have enough money in your possession to support all of your family members, even if they will not come with you to Canada. This money cannot be borrowed from another person. The amount of money you need is based on the number of family members you have.

The cost of living is very different in different places within Canada. IRCC recommends that you bring as much money as you can.

 

Family Members

For the purpose of a Federal Skilled Worker application, ‘family members’ means the applicant’s spouse or common-law partner, your dependent children, and their dependent children (your grandchildren).

  • Spouse means either of the two people (opposite or same sex) who entered into a legal marriage either inside or outside of Canada.
  • Common-law Partner means either of the two people (opposite or same sex) living in the same house in a conjugal relationship for at least one year.
  • Dependent Children means the children of the applicant or their spouse or common-law partner who are
    • 22 years old or younger and single, or
    • Financially dependent on the parent since before 22 years old and still in school, or
    • Financially dependent since before 22 years old due to a medical condition