Marriage to a Peruvian Citizen
Every country has its own laws that apply to its citizens marrying a person from a different country. Getting married to a Peruvian citizen with the goal of eventually bringing them to Canada to live is a process with many steps.
You must demonstrate to Peruvian officials that they are not currently married to anyone else – either you have never been married or all divorces are finalized – that your identity is proven, and that you have never committed any crimes in Peru. This is done by providing various documents including an Affidavit of Single Status to the Peruvian government either in Peru or via a Peruvian embassy.
If you want to bring your Peruvian spouse or partner to live in Canada, you must then file a sponsorship application for them to become a permanent resident. If they would like to visit you in Canada while their application is in process, they must also apply for a visitor visa. For more information, please see our family sponsorship page and our visitor visa page.
Peruvian Marriage Basic Requirements
Most Canadians nationals marrying in Peru need a Certificate of No Impediment. In order to obtain the Certificate you will need to submit the Oath-Affidavit and the Notice of Marriage.
Notice of Marriage
The form must be completed by the Canadian national and signed in front of a Consular official. This Notice will then be displayed in the Consular Section for a period of time after which the Certificate of No Impediment will be issued
Certificate of No Impediment
It will be issued in Spanish. It will demonstrate that you are legally free to marry in Peru.
Please note the following:
- The payments for both the Notice of Marriage and the Certificate of No Impediment should be made at the same time when submitting the Notice of Marriage.
- An original photo ID of the Peruvian partner is mandatory
- Proof of residence from both parties is also a requirement (utility bills, bank statements, mail, certificado domiciliario)
- If the Canadian national is divorced he must submit his decree absolute
- If the Canadian national is a widow he must submit the death certificate of his previous spouse.
- The Canadian national must have resided in Peru for a minimum of 21 days before submitting the Notice of Marriage.
No matter where in Peru you intend to marry you will also need your Canadian Birth Certificate and an official translation into Spanish of the birth certificate. You may also need a certified copy of your Canadian passport. You should also need medical certificates, which can be easily obtained locally.
Canadian nationals should ask the Municipality where they are planning to get married which legalizations they will need after obtaining their Canadian documents (certificate of no impediment, birth/divorce certificates, etc.).
All the above documents should be obtained within 3 months of your intended date of marriage. Canadian nationals should note that original documents (i.e. birth certificates) are generally not returned by the local authorities after the marriage.
Marriage in Peru will be performed according to the Peruvian law and any detailed questions on the procedure should be addressed to the appropriate Peruvian authorities. Bigamy is prohibited in Peru.
Please note that a foreign national does not automatically acquire Canadian nationality through marriage to a Canadian national. He or she will require a visa to visit or settle in Canada.
If your Peruvian spouse has dependent children, this does not affect the Peruvian Marriage document application.
If you have dependent children, they have no effect on the application to marry a Peruvian citizen.
How long is the Peruvian Marriage document valid?
The document is valid for 6 months from the date of issue. If you do not marry your Peruvian fiancé within 6 months of the issuance of the Peruvian Marriage document, you must apply again with new supporting documents.
List of Peruvian Consulates in Canada
The Nuevo Sol is the currency of Peru. It is subdivided into 100 cents, called céntimos in Spanish. The ISO 4217 currency code is PEN. It is most commonly referred to just as Sol.
The name is a return to that of Peru’s historic currency, the Sol in use from the 19th century to 1985. Although the derivation of Sol is the Latin solidus, the word also happens to mean sun in Spanish. There is continuity therefore with the old Peruvian inti, which was named after Inti, the Sun God of the Incas.
The current coins were introduced in 1991 in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents and 1 Nuevo Sol. The 2 and 5 Nuevo Sol coins were added in 1994. Although 1 and 5 cent coins are officially in circulation, they are very rarely used. For this reason, the 1-cent coin was removed from circulation as of May 1, 2011. An aluminium one-cent coin was introduced in December 2005. and a five-cent coin in 2007. All coins show the coat of arms of Peru surrounded by the text Banco Central de Reserva del Perú (Central Reserve Bank of Peru) on the obverse. The reverse of all coins shows the denomination. Included in the design of the bi-metallic 2 and 5 Nuevo Sol coins are the hummingbird and condor figures from the Nazca Lines.
In 1990, banknotes for 10, 20, 50 and 100 Nuevos Soles were introduced. The banknote for 200 Nuevos Soles was subsequently introduced in August 1995. All notes are of the same size (140 x 65 mm) and contain the portrait of a well-known historic Peruvian on the obverse.
10 Nuevos Soles
The 10 Nuevos Soles depicts José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles who was a Peruvian military aviator and national aviation hero on the front. He sacrificed his life crashing into an Ecuadorian battery during the Battle of Zarumilla in the Ecuadorian–Peruvian war. Machu Picchu is depicted on the back which is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows
20 Nuevos Soles
The 20 Nuevos Soles depicts Raúl Porras Barrenechea who was a Peruvian historian and politician at the front and Chan Chan which is an archaeological site located in the Peruvian region of La Libertad, five km west of Trujillo on the back. Chan Chan covers an area of approximately 20 km² and had a dense urban center of about 6 km².
50 Nuevos Soles
The 50 Nuevos Soles depicts Pedro Abraham Valdelomar Pinto on the front who was a Peruvian narrator, poet, journalist, essayist and dramatist. He is considered the founder of the avant-garde in Peru while on the back it depicts Chavín de Huántar which is an archaeological site containing ruins and artefacts constructed beginning at least by 1200 BCE and occupied by later cultures until around 400-500 BCE by the Chavín, a major pre-Inca culture. The site is located 250 kilometres (160 mi) north of Lima, Peru, at an elevation of 3,180 meters (10,430 ft), east of the Cordillera Blanca at the start of the Conchucos Valley.
100 Nuevos Soles
The 100 Nuevos Soles depicts Jorge Basadre Grohmann who a Peruvian historian was known for his extensive publications about the independent history of his country on the front. He served during two different administrations as Minister of Education and was also director of the Peruvian National Library. It depicts on the back the Gran Pajatén which is an archaeological site located in the Andean cloud forests of Peru, on the border of the La Libertad region and the San Martín region, between the Marañon and Huallaga rivers.
200 Nuevos Soles
The 200 Nuevos Soles depicts Rose of Lima on the front. Saint Rose was born Isabel Flores y de Olivia in the city of Lima, the Viceroyalty of Peru, then part of New Spain. She was one of the many children of Gaspar Flores, a harquebusier in the Imperial Spanish army, born in San Germán on the island of San Juan Bautista (now Puerto Rico), and his wife, María de Olivia, a native of Lima. It also depicts the Convent of Santo Domingo, Lima on the back
Calling Peru from Canada
To make a direct call to Peru from Canada, you need to follow the international dialling format given below. The dialling format is the same when calling Peru mobile or land line from Canada.
To call Peru from Canada Dial
011 – 51 – Area Code – TEL #
Follow the dialing format shown above while calling Peru from Canada.
011 – Exit code for Canada, and is needed for making any international call from Canada
51 – ISD Code or Country Code of Peru
Area code – There are 23 area codes in Peru. If there is an area code dial area code of the city in Peru you are calling after dialling ISD Code. The format is dial 011 + 51 + phone number
Area Codes of Major Centres in Peru
|Cerro de Pasco||63||Iquitos||65||Tacna||52|
|Chincha Alta||56||Lima||1||Tingo Maria||62|
Calling Canada from Peru
To make a direct call to Canada from Peru, you need to follow the international dialling format given below. The dialling format is the same when calling Canada mobile or land line from Peru.
To call Canada From Peru Dial
00 – 1 – Area Code – TEL #
Follow the dialling format shown above while calling Canada from Peru.
- 00 – Exit code for Peru, and is needed for making any international call from Peru
- 1 – ISD Code or Country Code of Canada
Area codes – There are 18 area codes in Canada. The area code is the first three digits of your telephone number.
|Alberta||403 / 587 (southern Alberta)
587 / 780 (central and northern Alberta)
|BC||236 / 250 / 778 (majority of BC)
236 / 604 / 778 (Metro Vancouver)
|Ontario||226 / 519 (southwestern Ontario)
249 / 705 (northeastern Ontario)
289 / 365 / 905 (Greater Toronto Area)
343 / 613 (eastern Ontario)
416 / 647 (Toronto)
807 (northwestern Ontario)
|Manitoba||204 / 431||PEI||782 / 902|
|New Brunswick||506||Quebec||418 / 581 (eastern Quebec)
438 / 514 (Montreal)
450 / 579 (Greater Montreal)
819 / 873 (remainder of Quebec)
|Newfoundland and Labrador||709||Saskatchewan||306 / 639|
|Nova Scotia||782 / 902|
Peru is in GMT-5 so the same time zone as Toronto and Montreal. Peru does not participate in Daylight Saving Time so to calculate time differences from March to November, subtract one hour to the below. (Except in Saskatchewan, which does not participate in DST either.)
|Canadian Time Zone||# of Hours Peru is ahead or Behind|
|Pacific (BC, Yukon)||Peru is 3 hours ahead|
|Mountain (Alberta, western Nunvaut, Lloydminster, Saskatchewan)||Peru is 2 hours ahead|
|Central (Manitoba, Northwest Territories, central Nunavut, northwestern Ontario, Saskatchewan)||Peru is 1 hour ahead|
|Eastern (most of Ontario, most of Quebec)||Same|
|Atlantic (Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, PEI, eastern Quebec)||Peru is 1 hour behind|
|Newfoundland||Peru is 90 minutes behind|
Emergency Information for Canadians in Peru
Canadian Embassy in Lima, Peru
Embassy of Canada in Peru
Calle Bolognesi 228
Telephone: 51 (1) 319-3200
View Larger Map
Assistance to Canadians – Consular Services:
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday: 8:00 am. – 12:00 pm., 1:15 pm. – 5:00 pm.
Friday: 8:00 am. – 1:00 pm.
After hours emergency contact information (for Canadian citizens only)
E-mail: [email protected]
Call collect: (613) 996-8885 / (613) 944-1310 (TTY) – The Emergency Operations Centre of the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade> operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Or toll-free at 001-800-387-3124.
In a number of countries, you can also call the 24/7 Operations Centre toll-free.>
The Embassy of Canada to Peru offers 24-hour emergency service to Canadians in Peru who are in distress. For emergency assistance after hours, call Canadian Embassy in Lima and follow the instructions. The emergency services offered vary depending on the nature of the emergency. The emergency services offered by the embassy falls under the following categories:
- Arrest or Detention
- Child Abductions
- Natural Disasters and Civil Emergencies
- Financial Assistance
- Lost or Stolen Belongings
- Medical Matters
- Missing Persons
- Transportation Accidents
Peruvian Wedding Traditions
The people of Peru are very passionate about their traditions. Peruvian Wedding Traditions are strictly observed during a Peruvian marriage ceremony. It is the suitor who asks for the permission of the bride’s parents for her hand in marriage according to Peruvian Wedding Traditions. The wedding rituals proceed with the approval and at the same time guidance from the bride’s parents
Peruvian Wedding Traditions comprise of a very enjoyable and elaborate ceremony associated with the wedding cake. There are several layers in the wedding cake which are attached to ribbons. As the wedding couple cuts the cake, the unmarried girls pull the strings. According to Peruvian, it is the customary belief that the woman who pulls the string with the ring is to be married next.
The wedding couple cuts the cake jointly. The newlyweds feed the first slice of cake to each other. The cake is then shared among the guests present.
Like any other marriage ceremony, the wedding couple dresses up themselves in traditional wedding costumes. The bride dress up herself in traditional Peruvian wedding gown just as most western countries do. The gown is usually of white colour. She also puts tiara of flowers on the head. The bride at the same time carries a white colour veil.
At the wedding ceremony the couple exchanges vows. Soon after the wedding ceremony, they are blessed by the elderly members of their respective families. According to Peruvian customs and traditions, there must be an old lady in the wedding ceremony whose chief function is to instruct the married couple about the duties and responsibilities of the married life.
The wedding ceremony is followed by a lavish reception. The reception consists of food, music and dance. Traditional Quechua songs are sung accompanied with dance movements. The newlyweds too join in the dance. The Peruvian wedding ceremony is usually an occasion of fun and merriment.
The wedding reception is attended by guests of both the families of the bride and the groom. The wedding couples receive a lot of gifts and are blessed by all the people who attended the wedding for a happy married life. The food served at the reception to the guests consists of delicacies from Peruvian cuisine. There are always some sweet dishes too.
Peruvian Wedding Gifts
Like any wedding, the bride and groom accept gifts from wedding guests. In Peru, traditional wedding gifts to the bride and groom dominate, and even single female wedding guests can get in on the gift-receiving act.
Hummingbirds have important significance in Peruvian culture, as they are tied to the Nazca people, a civilization that came before the Incas. The hummingbird symbolizes joy, vitality, loyalty and affection. Giving a gift with a hummingbird on it, like drinking glasses or dishes, is suitable to wish the bride and groom happiness in their marriage.
Huayruro seeds are also a good luck symbol in Peruvian culture. The red and black colour of the seeds symbolizes good fortune and abundance, as well as balance; the seeds are also said to fight off negativity and bring happiness. Guests can give Huayruro seeds in the form of jewellery for the bride, or in jars to keep on a mantle in the home for both the bride and groom.
The Lambayeque, Mochica-Chimu Tumi has two meanings. If given as a knife, it is a symbol of sacrifice. If given as a wall hanging, it means good luck and fertility. This idol is one piece and usually made of bronze, gold or silver and has the image of Naylamp, the Lambayeque god. Many Tumis have gems making them more ornate, which is fitting for a Peruvian wedding where ornate gifts are appreciated.
Peru is home to over 90 varieties of butterflies. Butterflies are a symbol of celebration and transition, so artwork, stemware and mounts featuring butterflies make acceptable gifts. Blue morpho butterflies are a symbol of Peru, so a bride and groom receiving a blue butterfly not only celebrate the wedding, but Peruvian pride.
Trinkets: Single Ladies
In Peru, single women receive trinkets on a couple’s wedding day. Each trinket is tied to a ribbon and hidden between the layers of the bride and groom’s cake. Before the bride and groom cut the first piece of cake, each single woman must pull on a ribbon to reveal their chosen trinket. The woman who receives a ring is said to be the next person to get married within the following year.
Traditional Peruvian ceviche features raw fish that is citrus-cooked by marinating in Peruvian lime juice, raw onions, and chilli. It is usually accompanied by some corn (on or off the cob) and a slice of sweet potato whose sweet starch provides almost perfect balance to the acidity of the leche de tigre, the ceviche marinade.
Similar to ceviche, but more subtle and refined, hinting at some Japanese influence. The primary difference between ceviche and tiradito is that there is no onion. In place of onions, tiradito marinades often feature ginger and aji (Peruvian hot pepper).
Bright yellow mashed potatoes seasoned with lime and aji, filled with tuna, shrimp, or crab and topped with avocado and a creamy cocktail sauce. The ultimate comfort food in the Peruvian kitchen
Religion in Peru
The Peruvian government is closely allied with the Catholic Church. Article 50 of the Constitution recognizes the Catholic Church’s role as “an important element in the historical, cultural, and moral development of the nation. Catholic clergy and laypersons receive state remuneration in addition to the stipends paid to them by the Church. This applies to the country’s 52 bishops, as well as to some priests whose ministries are located in towns and villages along the borders. In addition each diocese receives a monthly institutional subsidy from the Government. An agreement signed with the Vatican in 1980 grants the Catholic Church special status in Peru. The Catholic Church receives preferential treatment in education, tax benefits, immigration of religious workers, and other areas, in accordance with the agreement.
Although the Constitution states that there is freedom of religion, the law mandates that all schools, public and private, impart religious education as part of the curriculum throughout the education process (primary and secondary). Catholicism is the only religion taught in public schools. In addition, Catholic religious symbols are found in all government buildings and public places.
Examples of Churches in Peru
La Compañia church in Cuzco
Iglesia de Ichupampa, a catholic church in Colca Canyon
St. Josephs Catholic Church, Peru
Churche in Cuzco, Peru
Cathedral of the Good Shepherd
Church in Lima
The Bahá’í Faith in Peru begins with references to Peru in Bahá’í literature as early as 1916, with the first Bahá’ís visiting as early as 1919. A functioning community wasn’t founded in Peru until the 1930s with the beginning of the arrival of coordinated pioneers from the United States which progressed into finding national Peruvian converts and achieved an independent national community in 1961. The Association of Religion Data Archives estimated some 41,000 Bahá’ís in 2005.
The statistics for Islam in Peru estimate a total Muslim population of 5,000, largely based in the capital of Lima, Peru a number which has remained static since 1980
Mosque Bab ul Islam, Tacna, Peru
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has seen rapid growth in Peru, and claims more than 480,000 members in Peru. There is currently 766 congregations of the church that meet in Peru.
There is currently only one Latter Day Saints temple in Peru, located at La Molina in Lima. However, Church leaders announced the building of a second temple in Trujillo on December 13, 2008.
Romantic, Scenic and Historic Places in Peru
Miraflores Park Hotel
This luxury hotel is located in Lima (Miraflores), close to Larcomar, Kennedy Park, and Huaca Pucllana. Area attractions also include National Museum and Reserve Park. In addition to 3 restaurants, Miraflores Park Hotel features an outdoor pool. Other amenities include a full-service spa and a conference centre. LCD televisions come with cable channels. Guestrooms also feature complimentary wireless Internet access, complimentary high-speed (wired) Internet access, and DVD players.
Radisson Hotel Decapolis Miraflores
This romantic hotel is located in Lima (Miraflores), close to Kennedy Park, Larcomar, and Huaca Pucllana. Nearby attractions also include Olivar Park. In addition to 2 restaurants, Radisson Hotel Decapolis Miraflores features an outdoor pool. Other amenities include a full-service spa and a bar/lounge. LCD televisions come with premium cable channels. Guestrooms also feature MP3 docking stations, complimentary wireless Internet access, and safes.
Country Club Lima Hotel
This luxury hotel is located in Lima (San Isidro), near the airport, Olivar Park, Huaca Pucllana, and Kennedy Park. Local attractions also include Reserve Park and National Stadium. In addition to a restaurant, Country Club Lima Hotel features an outdoor pool. Other amenities include a coffee shop/café and a bar/lounge. Guestrooms open to balconies with city, courtyard or garden views and feature jetted bathtubs and flat-panel televisions with cable channels.
Antigua Miraflores Hotel
This romantic hotel is located in Lima (Miraflores), close to Kennedy Park, Larcomar, and Huaca Pucllana. Nearby attractions also include Olivar Park. In addition to a restaurant, Antigua Miraflores Hotel features a bar/lounge. Other amenities include complimentary wireless Internet access and a porter/bellhop. Guestrooms open to balconies with garden views and feature televisions with satellite channels. Other amenities include complimentary wireless Internet access and air conditioning.
Radisson Hotel San Isidro
Radisson Hotel San Isidro is located in one of the most exclusive areas of Lima; the Radisson Hotel San Isidro offers a boutique-hotel experience from a trusted, world-wide brand. The hotel features 38 stylish suites, an on-site restaurant, Fitness and Business Center and a wealth of other world-class amenities, including complimentary wireless, high-speed Internet access. Ideal for business and leisure travellers, the Radisson Hotel San Isidro is near the city’s business district and several popular attractions, including the Gold Museum and Huaca Huallamarca.
One of the top Lima, Peru hotels, the Radisson Hotel San Isidro features a pool, sauna, Fitness Centtr, Business Centre, complimentary wireless, high-speed Internet, on-site dining and currency exchange. At the Radisson, the amenities make it one of the best Lima hotels for business and leisure for travellers.
Hotel Monasterio Del Cusco
High in the Andes, more than 3000 metres above sea level, lies Hotel Monasterio by Orient-Express in the heart of the historic city of Cusco, famous for its unique blend of Spanish and Inca cultures.
Built as a monastery in 1592, Hotel Monasterio retains the charm and ambience that has existed for centuries whilst boasting a reputation as one of the world’s finest hotels. The ideal base from which to discover the delights Cusco and the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu, Hotel Monasterio offers fine service in beautifully impeccable surroundings. This unique hotel museum is an architectural treasure built on Inca foundations with a beautiful chapel adorned with extraordinary gold ornaments. It combines the solemnity of a colonial monastery with the luxury, elegance, comfort and excellent quality of a modern five-star hotel.
Hotel Monasterio is only a ten-minute drive from the airport and just two blocks from the Plaza de Armas, Cuzco’s central square, where the cathedral and most important museums are located.
Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge
Machu Picchu Sanctuary Lodge by Orient-Express is the only hotel located adjacent to the ancient citadel of Machu Picchu and the best hotel by which to explore the beautiful surrounding area.
One of the world’s major heritage sites, Machu Picchu is a sacred and magical place of spectacular sunrises and mystical moonlit nights.
Offering luxury accommodation, simply composed Peruvian cuisine with delightful little touches, Machu Picchu Sanctuary lodge is the perfect place to relax and unwind in the shadow of the Lost City.
Opened in June 2012 in a tranquil plaza behind Cuzco’s main square, this former palace and convent is emerging from years of restoration to become one of the city’s most exclusive hotels.
This intimate urban retreat has just 55 suites, each enriched with oxygen and with its own private bar where guests (or their private butler) can create drinks accented with fresh ingredients grown at and around the hotel.
Palacio Nazarenas also has a fabulous spa, the city’s first outdoor pool and stylish restaurants serving cutting-edge local cuisine.
Tambo del Inka Resort and Spa
In the sacred heart of the Urubamba Valley, Tambo del Inka Resort & Spa, Valle Sagrado features exclusive adventure tourism experiences and innovative dining, all in the historical and cultural surroundings of the Incas.
Lending its contemporary style to the greatness and wealth of Andean culture, the hotel feature 128 elegantly designed rooms and suites with mesmerizing views of the Andes and the Vilcanota river.
Cabo Blanco Beach
Cabo Blanco (153 km north of Piura) is another superb beach, especially for surfers and big-game fishermen. In the 50s and 60s fishermen from all over the world travelled to Cabo Blanco to hunt big marlin. Cabo Blanco’s almost-mythical wave is a hollow powerful left that draws big crowds of surfers from Lima (700 kilometres south) and from around the world. Modern swell forecasts and the Internet have made it easy to know when swell is on the way and the surfers once there pack into a single tight take-off zone, despite other waves elsewhere in the area.
Chicama Beach is 74 km northwest of Trujillo, department of La Libertad. It features the World’s longest left-handed wave. Indeed, surfers say that to surf Chicama, one has to bring along a spare pair of legs.
Colán Beach (65km west of Piura) is a nice resort, mostly frequented by Piura locals. A sandy beach with calm water, it’s characterized by the typical wooden houses set upon pylons right on the seashore.
Equally popular, though more among surfers and party-goers is Máncora (Piura, close to the border with Tumbes). This town and beach resort features more than 30 different accommodation spots that receive both resident and foreigner tourists almost year-round. The resort town flaunts a large number of exclusive restaurants, nightclubs and unpretentious bars.
Los Organos Beach
Los Organos beach is 175 km north of Piura, and is considered as suitable for surfing
Punta Sal Beach
One of the most well-known beaches is Punta Sal (80km from Tumbes), a long white-sand beach considered one of the finest in Peru. Its warm waters boast a rich marine biodiversity and, diversely from most other beaches in the area, accommodate quite gentle waves. The Punta Sal beach resort, surrounded by sand dunes and carob trees, is extremely popular among families. It faces the relatively isolated half-moon section of the beach.
Zorritos (28 km south of Tumbes) used to be a favourite beach resort for the Tumbes aristocracy and now is extensively frequented by the tumbesino youth. The white-sand beach has good waves for surfing, while the cove is washed by rather calm waters inhabited by abundant marine life. The town offers some nice hotels and seafood restaurants, and is close to the Cerros de Amotape National Park and to the Hervideros hot springs.
How to Sponsor your Peruvian spouse to Canada
Canadian citizen can sponsor a spouse and dependent children to come and live with them if they are outside Canada. Therefore Canadians are free to get a marriage visa to marry their Peruvian spouses and sponsor their application for marriage immigration to Canada provided that they meet all the requirements set forth by the Canadian Government. If you were married in Peru the marriage must be valid under the Peruvian law and under the Canadian law. A marriage performed in a Canadian Embassy in Peru must comply with the laws of Peru.