Please Note: NAFTA has been replaced by the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which has been ratified as of March 2020. The USMCA does not affect NAFTA visa policies.
The North American Free Trade Agreement known as NAFTA was a trade agreement between Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The goals of the North American Free Trade Agreement were to ease restrictions on trade and investments between the three countries. NAFTA was mostly associated with the lowering of tariffs of commercial goods. While this ws an important goal of the agreement, NAFTA also eased access to citizens of Canada, Mexico, and the United States who wish to work, sen workers or invest in one of the other signatory nations. Only Canadian citizens, United States citizens and Mexican citizens were covered by NAFTA.
The USMCA agreement, which replaces NAFTA, does not materially affect the movement rules of NAFTA.
Immigroup helps US or Mexican citizens who wish to enter Canada or Canadian citizens who wish to enter the United States. Call out helpline at 416-962-2623, use our fax or email service or visit our Toronto office for a personal consultation.
Immigroup will assist you in gathering all the necessary documents and preparing them for submission. Immigroup will also write a letter to Canadian Immigration officials explaining your situation.
Immigroup will help fill out the necessary forms and gather all the documentation required by the Canadian government. Immigroup will instruct you on where to submit your application and present a letter to the visa-issuing office explaining your situation.
Immigroup will assist you in gathering all the necessary documents and preparing them for submission. Immigroup will also write a letter to Canadian Immigration officials explaining your situation. Professionals: Immigroup will help you gather all the documents you need and issue a letter to border services explaining your reason for submission.
Entering the US:
B-1 Business Visitors:
Immigroup will help you gather all the necessary documents and prepare them for submission. We will also write a letter to US officials explaining your situation and your case for application.
Immigroup will set up an appointment with the US Consulate and will help you fill out all the necessary forms and gather all the paperwork for submission.
L-1 Intra-Company Transferees:
Immigroup will help you and your employer fill out all the necessary forms and gather all the required documents. We will also issue a letter explaining your case to US border officials.
Immigroup will help you gather all the documents you need and issue a letter to border services explaining your reason for submission.
If your entry attempt is denied, Immigroup will refund your funds provided that you show the letter of refusal from government authorities. This guarantee is not valid if you were denied entry because you did not meet admissibility requirements.
Four different categories were set up by NAFTA to allow entry by citizens of the signatory countries. These are: Business Visitors, Traders or Investors, Intra-Company Transferees, and Professionals. The USMCA did not change these categories.
Business visitors: A business visitor is someone who will be performing commercial activities listed in USMCA. These include: Sales; After-Sales service; Distribution; Research and Design; Marketing; and Growth, Manufacturing and Production; it also includes general service personnel including tourism personnel, public relations and advertising consultants and others performing commercial functions. In order to be approved entry under this agreement, business visitors, although they would be working in a signatory country, must not be entering that country’s labour market.
Traders or Investors are individuals who will be trading substantial amounts of goods or services or investing a substantial amount of capital in one of the signatory countries for an organization that is of US, Mexican, or Canadian nationality. The goods or services that are traded or the capital invested must be of commercial nature and be for a profit-making organization.
An intra-company transferee is an employee of an American, Canadian, or Mexican company who will be transferred to a parent, subsidiary, branch, or affiliate of their employer. The employee must be employed in an executive or managerial capacity, or in one that qualifies as specialized knowledge.
A professional is a businessperson who is an American, Canadian, or Mexican citizen who will be entering the United States, Canada, or Mexico to work at a professional level. The applicant must meet any municipal, provincial, state, or federal requirements in order to be admitted as a professional under North American Free Trade Agreement.
The US-Mexico-Canada Agreement does not guarantee entry into the signatory country. An applicant must meet admissibility requirements of the country that he or she is intending to enter. It does not allow for a person to immigrate permanently. While someone can extend their status, one cannot obtain citizenship under the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement.
USMCA has many benefits; it allows for an easier and less expensive entry into Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Citizens do not have to go through the regular process of acquiring a work permit through a consular office. Instead, they can complete the process on the day they travel into Canada, Mexico or the United States.
Maurizio is an Italian citizen who is a permanent resident in Canada. He works as a professional accountant in Toronto and has been hired by an American firm in Dallas to work as their accountant for 2 years. Maurizio would have to submit an application to the US Consulate in Toronto (wait period of about 8-10 weeks to get appointment at the US Consulate), gather all the documents, take pictures, and pay a $100 fee to get an H-1B visa. If approved, Maurizio can then enter the US. Maurizio cannot use USMCA because he is not a Canadian citizen.
Andrea is a Canadian citizen who works as nutritionist in Toronto. She has been hired to work as a nutritionist at a health centre office in Pittsburgh and she is to begin working the following Monday. Andrea can use the North American Free Trade Agreement. The Sunday before she begins work in Pittsburgh, Andrea drives to the US border with all her documents, submits her application to the border officials, and pays a fee of $50. If she is approved, Andrea can drive down to Pittsburgh and begin work the following day.